Canada is an attractive option for international students due to its multilingualism, high standard of living and simplified process for obtaining a post-graduation work permit and permanent residence.
Before applying to Canada for postgraduate study, those interested should spend some time learning more about the country. Doing this will enable them to decide if this country is suitable for them.
1. It is a multilingual country
The country is divided into multiple geographical regions, each home to a distinct population. It also has several distinct languages, such as English and French – which serve as the official languages of the nation.
Canadians tend to speak both English and French fluently; however, some can also communicate in other languages like Punjabi or Mandarin, two of the country’s most widely spoken dialects.
Canada is a multilingual nation composed of thirteen provinces and three territories, each with their own policy on language use in government services for minorities. Furthermore, Canada’s federal Official Languages Act regulates how official languages are utilized within federal institutions.
Therefore, official language policies in provinces and territories differ significantly. For instance, Quebec has officially adopted French as its sole official language.
Contrastingly, most provinces and territories that are anglophone have chosen to adopt English as their official language. New Brunswick is the sole exception, however; here both English and French are recognized as official languages.
This linguistic asymmetry has caused much controversy and been the subject of multiple court decisions. It can be seen in policies like Canada’s Indian residential school system, which promoted teaching English and French to racialized children; as well as other governmental programs which have been accused of encouraging language dominance and forcible assimilation among immigrants.
Therefore, most of Canada’s population consists of those who learned a language during childhood and speak it at home – this phenomenon is known as “personal bilingualism.” The most extensive examples can be found along the border of Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick with Ottawa being home to an especially large francophone community.
2. It is a multicultural society
Canada boasts a vibrant diversity of nations, races, religions and heritage due to centuries of immigration. This has created an inclusive society.
The government of Canada actively promotes multiculturalism through various programs and projects, while encouraging Canadians to respect the rights of minorities.
Many Canadians view immigration and cultural diversity as positives. Unfortunately, some criticize multiculturalism for creating a rift between different ethnic groups.
Multiculturalism can be a positive force, but it’s essential to remember that it isn’t perfect. Some immigrants may struggle with integration into Canadian society and may experience discrimination as a result.
In some instances, this can lead to hostility and misunderstands. Therefore, it’s essential that people are able to communicate with one another freely without any issues.
It is essential to note that Canada does not view the majority culture as superior; rather, it holds everyone equally. This philosophy has made Canada a multicultural country where people from various backgrounds can work and live together harmoniously.
One example of this is the Black school in Toronto, created to give young Black pupils a safe space to learn about their African culture. Another example is Chinatown Anti-Displacement Garden also located in Toronto as an act of resistance against gentrification.
In the 1970s, Canada’s federal government became the first to advocate for multiculturalism. Their program provided funds for cultural heritage organizations and encouraged folklore and artistic expression from minority communities. While some criticized this approach as hindering social integration, changes were eventually made that now favor more lenient funding guidelines for minority-based organizations.
3. It is a developed country
A developed country is one that boasts a modern economy and high literacy rates. It also has adequate infrastructure and an intact social system, so its citizens have access to quality education and healthcare services.
Canada is a highly developed nation with an expansive economy. Most of its GDP comes from international trade, with its top two trading partners being the United States and China; however, it also conducts business with other nations around the globe.
Its economy is primarily dependent on the extraction of natural resources such as gold, iron ore, nickel, copper, zinc and oil. As such, it has become a global leader in this sector.
Furthermore, it has a substantial manufacturing sector. Over 25% of its workforce are employed in this industry which produces products like paper, food, chemicals and electronics.
Another important sector is the services sector, which accounts for around one-third of Canada’s GDP. This encompasses various industries that provide essential services to citizens such as education, health care, transportation and communication.
The service sector is especially prevalent in Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and Ottawa – Canada’s four largest metropolitan areas. Here you will find many large companies providing these essential services.
Canada boasts an incredibly educated population, with more than half its residents holding college degrees. Furthermore, it invests more in education than any other nation worldwide. Most of Canada’s universities and colleges enjoy a renowned international reputation.
4. It is a safe country
Canada has long been a sought-after destination for international students seeking to hone their skills, expand their academic knowledge and take part in stimulating research-based study programs. It boasts world-class education institutions, top-rated universities and an abundance of job prospects upon graduation.
The country ranks higher than average on OECD’s Better Life Index, which measures quality of life across various categories. It boasts impressive scores in health, happiness, life satisfaction and safety.
Canadians possess a deep-seated pride in their country and an admiration of others. Furthermore, they are warm and accommodating to international students, offering assistance as you adjust to life in Canada.
Another advantage of studying in Canada is its relatively affordable cost of living. While tuition fees and living costs vary according to program, school, and region, Canadian prices tend to be much more reasonable than many English-speaking countries for international students.
Canada’s government-funded healthcare system offers comprehensive coverage to citizens and permanent residents, including free or low-cost medical services as well as emergency assistance.
Furthermore, the Canadian government is committed to creating a secure environment for international students. There are numerous measures in place that focus on student safety, such as having emergency responders available 24/7.
When researching a study abroad experience in Canada, it’s essential to find a university with an established security committee. This will guarantee your safety both on campus and off.
Despite recent incidents of violence, Canada remains a safe and welcoming country for students to study in. It ranks sixth on the Global Peace Index, and most Canadian universities take extra precautions to safeguard their students from crime.
5. It is a rich country
Canada is one of the wealthiest countries in the world, boasting high-paying jobs and an opulent standard of living for its citizens. This is thanks to Canada’s robust economy which attracts highly educated professionals and offers its citizens plenty of luxuries most people only dream about.
For decades, Canada’s economic prosperity was dependent on agriculture and manufacturing; however, these industries have largely been replaced by the service sector. Today, up to 75 per cent of its workforce works within what is referred to as “the service sector,” which includes everything from banking and tourism businesses to health care and nursing care facilities.
Canada’s economy is heavily dependent on foreign trade and investment, particularly from the United States which accounts for more than 65 per cent of Canada’s exports and 75 per cent of its imports.
The United States is the single biggest investor in Canada’s economy, accounting for more than 50 per cent of all foreign direct investment. As such, Canadian corporations and investors must compete with American brands when looking to establish operations here.
However, it’s essential to remember that Canada may be a wealthy country, its economy does not necessarily reflect this success. According to a recent global study, Canada’s comprehensive wealth has actually declined since 1980 compared to its GDP and will likely continue to lag behind other G7 nations in the near future.
If you’re considering studying in Canada, it’s essential to begin your application as soon as possible. Doing this will enable you to gather all necessary documents and guarantee a smooth visa application process. In order to do this, proof of language proficiency, an impressive academic record, and sufficient funds should be provided for studies.